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  1. Manual Paul, the Letter Writer
  2. Women on road trips aren't tragedies waiting to happen. Like men, we're free
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Just vengeance had been to the Croat side of the back march and the taken,. It was akin to so well the tradition of his family. They are all in uniform the eldest, grave-faced though still :. Zagreb but, long after, her second son bought back the place of his boyhood, in memory of the mother who was never forgotten by any of her Her death was the deepest sorrow of children. Zagreb had become the centre of a very important national movement, and the man of the hour was Ljudevit Gaj. His parents were not noble, but in fairly easy circumstances, and the clever boy received a good His first school was at sleepy little education.

It was a magnificent idea, and it came to one whose brain was big and bold enough to carry it out. Gaj began by collecting materials for a. Kollar and his friends were scholar only, as well as gathering the halfof forgotten spoil past ages. They had a very vital interest in the affairs of the present, and the preservation of the national language gave them.

For some years the Magyar Diet thought. In , doubtless as a checkmate to any expansion of nationalist ideas,. Since Latin had been the official speech of Croatia undoubtedly it was a sylvania :. Gaj, stirred by this development, seized on a new his idea, nothing less than Southern Slav unity founded on language. The dialects were widely different Croat could hardly understand Istrian, Montenegrin and Slovak had only a few words in common but, could the whole be welded into a settled written language, there would be a medium of close intercourse and a means which could be used as a great political lever against He saw all the provinces " South Hungary.

Count Janko Draskovic was a great noble, president of the Council of the Ban, and a of weight even beyond the Drave. I have before me his pamphlet, published "A Word to the Highboth in Croat and German " which was an appeal hearted Daughters of Illyria. The story of the Middle Ages followed briefly, Gensius, fell " while the " patriotic lady reader was referred for further enlightenment to the soon-to-appear Dogo-. It is equally suited to both sexes, can be employed as happily in love-songs.

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Manual Paul, the Letter Writer

In tongue. These were written in ". In January it was found possible to enlarge the scope of both They became respectively daily and weekly papers. Songs of Carniola, Carinthia, Steyermark, and Croatia were being collected by Stanko Vraz grammars and dictionaries were ;. Slavs of the Austrian grammar. As a final word, Draskovic quoted Dr Gross- Hoffinger of " While the literature of Vienna, who wrote western Europe labours under satiety, want of stimulus, and nervous weakness, and is sunk in in the.

Typographic von Dr Ljudevit Gaj. We cannot enter into the whole subject of the Slav renaissance. Give us. North Hungarian tyranny. For Austria dared not offend Hungary, any more than English politicians dare reckon without Ireland. Hungary had to be petted and coaxed into good behaviour, and her very haughty magnates must be allowed to talk, if they Colossus of the chose, of the Slovaks as "no men," of the Serbs as "wild Raizen," and of " German dogs.

There are two good! In he was Gollner Infantry Zara in Dalmatia, and the 48th , quartered at was chosen by Count he afterwards immediately. Wetter von Lilienberg, just appointed Military Governor of Dalmatia, to be his adjutant. This was a tremendous opportunity for wider development on the political side, for a soldier has little time or chance to tackle questions of government while he is busy with the affairs of his regiment. Lilienberg, himself a man of talent and capacity, found his adjutant of great use in unravelling those which are tangled skeins of near- Eastern diplomacy.

Besides internal organisation, Dalmatia's trade with Turkey and Italy led to constant diffiit. Their history of gallant struggle against Moslem domination gave them every claim to Christian sympathy, and their extreme independence of character kept them far from being indebted to any Great Power. Even their relations with Russia, united as they were with her by religion and It is recorded that interest, were never servile. Of such temper and habit was the Montenegrin, and much of Lilienberg and Jellacic's time was to their safe. Prince, and so ended the line of fighting bishops which had begun at the end of the seventeenth.

The Vladika of Montenegro attended " ;. Prince of Filibusters, who is Slav in the morning and Turk in the evening, a hero out of one of Byron's tales, the most advenAll eyes turned on turous personality in Europe. French, which he spoke poorly, then English, which he answered with difficulty, In Petersand finally conversed fluently in Italian. This brief summing-up of the political aims of the It was the accurate. Lilienberg and his aide-de-camp, who interpreted," while Prince Felix Schwartzenberg and some others. There are so many reasons for racial alliance and racial hatred between Serbs, Roumanians, Bulgars, and Montenegrins, that the ordinary observer of their curiously involved political " Balkan Question" actions is apt to put the whole on one side as an unsolvable mystery.

The Vladika might dream of a protectorate under Russia; but, as a matter of fact, he remained on terms with Austria, and one reason for this. Gaj might "kolo," but the fact remained that the Orthodox are,. Metternich was crushing every attempt at upon their Italian literary.

Gaj was more cautious, or the reputation of Croat Sicilian Vespers, Sismondi's Republics, loyalty stories. Carniola, and no political meaning in their publication also Austrian diplomacy saw a handle against prepotentious Hungary in this cry of Croat nation;. The Magyars had proclaimed themselves The Men, descendants of Arpad, and sole supporters of the Hapsburg throne, until German ality.

Sabbas Tokoly, head of wrote the Pesth Matica, " We are all true to our church, but we follow the Greek or precept of Christ to love one another. Stephan Moyses, the royal censor, and professor of philosophy at the Academy of Zagreb, allowed the young writers full play.

Kukuljevic parodied Arndt's. Austria, Illyria catspaw, Illyrianlooking to Bosnia and the Catholics there. Herzegovina, and the Franciscan monks zealously Marmont forwarded the nationalist movement. The Orthodox Church in Central Europe had four divisions the. Catholic and Orthodox Bosnians had deep and ancient enmities seized. Both charges to Pope and Emperor were triumphantly refuted Varascic was ;. So fast the work went on, that ten years after the. In that same year of the gymnasium curator Zagreb burnt all the Magyar school-books, while the students dressed up a straw man as a Hungarian at.

Zagreb was the centre-point of the rising storm, and every municipal or national event was the signal That necessity for a show of the popular feeling. Josipovic was suzerain of several villages, and could gather about five hundred followers " noble peasants," as a contemporary calls them whose titles went back to the first annexation of Croatia by Hungary, and who,. Austria; and all over Europe "national" dress on any man but a peasant was a key to the wearer's political opinions.

Gaj took full advantage of the. To this day contrasting with his half-martial array. The Count of Turopolje appeared political feeling. They were and it is not recorded that weaponless, any serious but the Nationalists, "a mob of fighting took place in ;. In October of classes," not. The office of Obergespan in Croat zupan has no English equivaThe holder has considerable political power in his county. Under such guidance Jellacic gained much valuable knowledge and experience, made friends in all.

Dalmatia, and, in , received the honour of the The death of the Civil Service Order. It governor. The headquarters of the regiment was at Glina, in the centre of the Banat that district which forms the bulwark to the. The little stone forts stand yet on every eminence, with their loopholes for muskets, and the ground cleared in front of them to leave no shelter for an. For instance, there is the story of the butcher of Bihac, head of the most savage of all the Bosnian robber-bands.

This gentleman had cut off the right hand of a complaining customer, and, after his. Resistance was useless, for the enemy held the higher ground, and the handful of troopers was not strong enough to try an attack. The situation looked desperate, but their leader knew his men and plete.

Wheeling round, he put himself at their and head, charged straight at the brigands, who were now gathering in the glen between him and Thanks to his good horse and sabre, he safety. Years later, there was a sequel to this and other such stories, when many a Bosnian came to the Croat camp and asked against to.

Hungary, for where Jellacic led there would be much good fighting. No wonder his men loved him, laughed, and followed him, on many a brigand-hunt and long, weary patrol-ride. It was on a day in winter when the snow lay heavy, and a visiting general chose to make an inThe hour was fixed, and the regiment spection. The men were dismissed general-officer's comfort. It was a daring deed, seeing the strictness of etiquette preserved in such. As if it were myself! He eternal rest, for that was the spirit of a man well the with loved the poor and lived Oh, poor.

When Jellacid came to day, evil is everywhere! Drill, discipline, and martial order were entirely to the minds of the. This commander certainly knew how to share their lives and their amusements as well as work and duty. In a moment Jellacic was off his horse and joingirls. It was a service that kept a man's wits at full stretch and his body in full exercise, for an officer had to work as hard as his men, and, at the same time, to plan and think for them. Yet it had a strong fascination, in spite of the fact that chances It was no work for of promotion were not many.

Self-reliance, initiative, and quickness were the qualities needful, as well as insight into the thoughts of a primitive fighting folk, who were easily ruled by love but could be desperately. As it had been in his first regiment, so it remained still. He possessed the mysterious charm which made him first in whatsoever company he ;. Croatia had always been and administration, as the Military separate Frontier was o-overned straight from the War Office at Vienna, while the civil authorities were appointed But the through the Hungarian chancellery.

In tremendous nationalist efforts got three Civil. The pass their lips in the Chamber at Pressburg. Diet opened in June, and on the 20th there was a. A week later the language question came up at the Magnates' Table, and Bishop Haulik of Zagreb, Count Draskovic, and the other Croats objected to the forcing of a foreign language Magyar on their. They desired to speak Latin in the compatriots. Chamber, as had always been the custom. Baron Eotvos, a literary.

At the same time the question was bitterly discussed in the Lower House, where the voting went against the Croats, and they were forbidden to use anything but Magyar in the hall of the Diet. On 18th October this resolution. After that the Croats appeared, made silent protest, and abstained from voting. The feeling that these reports caused in Zagreb not spoken.

Magyars as being too Croat, and detested by the leaders called ". Croat nationalists as Hungarian-born, tried in vain His keep the peace and rule civil Croatia. In July the election of vicegespan took place, and Some all preparations were made for a fight. Then fighting began in earnest the Ban's house was surrounded by the shouting mob, and an Italian. The casualties were 9 soldiers wounded, 60 civilians. An inquiry and trial followed, ending in the condemnation of the ringleaders, who were shot in the Square of St Mark, before the hurt,. The popular demonstration of palace of the Ban.

Buy the skin he's needing Guns are flashing, swords are broken, Hero-men are falling fast :. Brothers join to guard the right. The fact remained that Bosnia still gave as little heed to the nominal ruler's orders as she had ever done, or as Albania does to-day. These documents give most graphic account of the affairs in the Frontier,.

This feat of arms, a real blow at Turkish arrogance, was belittled and criticised in a Viennese journal and by some military authorities in a way which hurt the commander in that most tender his soldierly honour. He had broken the place tradition of slowness and incompetence on the Frontier; he had carried war into the enemy's country instead of making futile demonstrations on the Austrian side of the Cordon, and his reward was the one which most energetic administrators gain misrepresentation and acrid criticism from those reprisal. Dearest Friend, You cannot believe how much your letter of the 29th inst.

I shall never have time enough, and I am only too. The cause of the trouble is quite simple. The Turks, spoilt by long want of energy on our these side, I. My precision, the way in which I spoke, and can say this to a friend my reputation here and I there,. The appointed time without Early on the anything being done. I you can realise the life the frontiersman leads. Every Frontier regiment has two field-battalions, one reserve, one 3rd and 4th battalion, and then In all, armed, and Sereshans.

The field-companies are equipped like the rest of the army, very well The 3rd and 4th trained, and neatly turned out. This battalions have equipment, but no uniform. The reserve of the 8th and 10th companies I could None could have more than the smallest knowledge of the circumstances, and causes and results they could know nothing of, as I have informed nobody up to now of my arrangements none knew of the none had more than action and result of the fight ;. The the vaguest idea of the country thereabouts.

Bosniaks have not yet published maps, and, except my soldiers, no one was there with me. The much-talked-of bridge was a plank affair, four feet wide, put together of casual, ready-to-hand bits of wood an hour before it was not absolutely necessary, for I did not advance over the bridge, but rode along by And then people cackle of our being cut off it. I have read somewhere :. But at that why they want to despoil grumble! Pozvizd was never before attacked even in the Turkish wars.

I attacked it and not burnt 34 houses with all their stores and goods. The Turks themselves confess to 80 killed and wounded, of whom 72 were severely hurt and many have since died. I lost in all 67 men. The wounded are all safely back 54 are proved to be dead, and of 13 I know nothing. Many, very ;. And I regret, as a man, every Christian many and Turk from my deepest soul. But, as a soldier, whose bloody duty must be done, I ask, Could there be no result of five hours' hard fighting, where a hundred thousand bullets flew about like peas?

That terrain is the most treacherous in the world. Without this mishap, what remains of my loss? Voila tout. The firing was so Just 20 men. The poor officer who was there, an old, ;. God forgive decrepit man, did not count correctly. Yet Kerempotich takes Grouchy for his master Kerempotich has precise orders from me to hold the Kladusch Turks in check he hears how they shout as they see him motionless Forward, Turks The Sluiner Giaours do nothing to us of the ; ' :!

So if one takes into consideration that the reprisals were brilliantly executed, and the object of the that one must expedition was entirely gained return after the work is done that an enemy whose house and home has just been destroyed very naturally follows up the retreating force, and that he is neither a coward nor an old woman, but a wellarmed man who knows how to put bullets into us and that when one fights for five hours some.

Allgemeine Zeitung. And if anyone insults me, shall I it because I pocket may find myself in a duel? Glina, so that the guns might be used, they let off a couple of shots from the Paunovac post, at the few. Three hours after, our Frontier women and children were working in their fields close to the line and were disturbed no more. Adieu By word of mouth, many pretty makers' brains.

This letter gives a sufficiently clear story of the "battle of Pozvizd," and the report included with it only amplifies the details as to mobilisation, gives place-names. The weather was foggy on that strange thing among the border hills difficulty of seeing the way and the was thus heightened. There were many prominent Bosnians among the Turkish leaders, including one Ali Aidaracz of Little-Kladusch, who, in the year had scaled the walls of the castle. The loss to the frontiersmen included Lieutenants Kukuly and Baltich. The report is dated Staroselo, 12th July The account given in the Croat News of 19th of Cetin.

July does not give us much further information, save a little anecdote very characteristic of a frontiers-. It is also to Joseph military Scheiger, and laments the slackness of the authorities. Even a Frontier colonel could do little without. If only now, and good, kind Friend, I answer kind letter from Gratz of very briefly, your the 1 6th inst. You can imagine my feelings when I heard my regiment march off to the Cordon without me, for I could not even see them, but could only hear the drums of the divisions marching out. Travnik by the new Vizier, like all the other rich Muslims but it seemed to him dangerous to go.

Therefore, to avoid the invitation, he began a sort. Very good reason not to leave his post and go to Travnik. Voila la of campaign, raison d'etat! On 3rd February, after midday, a shot was fired from the opposite bank of the Korana here only a brook at the castle-guard, then another at the market-place, and a third at the store-counter itself. The second hit an inspector, Klarich the last a ;. On place, 7 the same day the Turks came back in a numerous body, and tried to carry off their dead with violence and without waiting for permission from the commander of the post.

They broke in, while, on the wooded rise on the other side, they had placed a force which opened a murderous fire on the castle and especially on our artillery-men serving the guns. They were again driven back with loss. Then they made an attempt to attack the Frontier village of. Ljeskovac, but almost immediately relinquished the So the fight went on until nightfall put an end to it. The Turks gave their loss as more than idea. The poor frontiersman allows himself and his horses to be shot to death willingly enough, but the whole artillery is rendered almost immovable by such makeshift.

That which is often economy everywhere, For example, at Pozvizd paid for too dearly. What can one do if the Turks have knives and more ammunition, and force. He gathered men, wasted the country as he went from Ivanska. Bihac, made the Turks come to him, and then dictated terms of peace by which all the costs had to. There, dear Scheiger, is all which can quickly be said on these matters.

Willingly I would let myself. God watch! All Europe was in disturbance, though the actual revolutionary outbreaks did not occur until the The Polish campaign, in which the spring of No man was and thus open the way to new ideas. The Archduchess Sophie took the Liberal side, as a. The Archduke Johann, the "wise man" of the Imperial family, agreed with her in the main, but her feminine mind It was very plain to went far beyond his caution.

Court of Austria's attitude of cold political attachA liberal - minded Pope ment to the Church. To be able to combine religious fervour with the glorious dreams of progress and free-thought was a deep joy to her, as to many another good Catholic. Here, especially, she received no sympathy from the Archduke Johann. He saw the need for reforms.

It sent from heaven to regenerate the world. That stern law which made so that every learning and politics go hand in hand of at literal freedom research without attempt thought, and individual was ruled out as bounds, expression, seditious began to press unbearably on professors and students at the universities even of the Kaiser-. Professors at Leipzig, Frankfurt, Bonn, and the rest, gave a patriotic trend to their doctrines stadt. The affairs of State were supremely interesting to a body of men little fitted to have cool judgment or patience with diplomatic necessity, and the consequence was and still is the student-rioting which.

The Magyar "Isten" his god and his country in one had always set. The chief reason for this leniency was the trend of mind of the Palatine Archduke. Joseph a good, liberal man, who knew his subjects, was beloved by them, and held the link firm between the House of Hapsburg and the HunIn October he was about to garian throne.

So long as the Archduke Joseph lived, Hungary was safe from open revolt against Vienna after ;. Yet there were so many fine spirits among those magnates, and so many men in all classes of the Hungarian nation whose abilities were beyond the ordinary, and whose patriotism was a passion. Older than the Hapsburgs, descended from one of the seven paladins of Arpad, "aristo" and yet absolutely nationalist, the Batthyany family took the lead in Hungarian affairs, by right of birth and wealth.

Count Louis, the head of the clan, was a curious study of a man whose natural and inherited opinions were in strong contrast and yet He was said to be "proud even to united. Count Casimir, his martyr to the national cause. He spoke and wrote of tolerabuilt. The leaders who sprang from the people, too, can pride themselves upon the most famous of all, Like Kossuth, and his magnificent gift of oratory. Mr Gladstone, he had a golden mouth, this ugly, mean-looking young advocate, and his spirit-stirring periods could sway the hearts of his countrymen as he willed.

Above all, he had the gift of telling phrase. So small it is, it won't serve even for a " meal morning " Our people will give their blood and lives for their beloved king, but for Viennese politicians even! These expended men poured forth vain words, pamphlets, libels, and A German- Hungarian grammar political squibs. They wasted reams of and in trying to prove the words ink, good paper, Slav collusion with Russia; that Gaj was "the herald of the Czar," and Safarik and Kollar were "the spokes of his chariot. It made the whole groundlie and an aggression, a reason for Austria's bitter complaints of gave her "rebel subjects," and it still tinges the relation.

For all the writings, the speeches, and the bloodshed of the years between and 2 have neither lessened. The people swarmed to see the last of Prague. He must have felt a sad certainty that the task before him was both difficult and dangerous, and that Pesth and Pressburg would be very different from. Slovak girls, it is said, over. In October his formal installation at Pesth took.

Archduke should have been in the Hapsburg present but death had been busy Franz Archduke Joseph, Sophie's family, and the elder ;. Magyars, and they cheered him with a ringing " " and clash of unsheathed swords. He had Eljen been carefully taught, and his perfect accent in their was adjudged tongue was an unexpected delight, and!

The better than that of his cousin, the Palatine. The debates were held in a large hall, above which was a gallery capable of holding several hundred people. The deputies sat at three oblong tables, the representative of the Ban at the end of the middle one, with the party,. These were the literati, usually in national dress. When Bishop Haulik they were nobles. Ladies, thronging the gallery, flung flowers on the deputies' heads, the news spread to the crowds without, and the shouts of joy echoed. The meeting ended by voting an address to the king, in which it was asked that a member of his house might be sent as governor, and that the administration of Croatia should be entirely separate from that of Hungary.

From this assembly were chosen the representaTheir "plattives sent to the Diet at Pressburg. Magnates' table Hofrat Hermann von Bozan, and in the. All through Hungary the elections caused. Liberal Pope is an impossible being," wrote Metternich to Ficquelmont in Milan, but all Italy was trying to disprove the impossibility and burnt incense unceasingly before its idol, Pio Nono. Radetsky asked for supplies and more men, did the best he could to fortify the Quadrilateral, and hoped anxiously that.

Magyar, until at last Kossuth's anger carried away judgment, and he cried furiously in answer to the. Only the sword can The Palatine was naturally in sympathy with the Magyar party. His father had handled the difficult situation with the skill of use and age, but an untried young man, grown up in a Liberal atmosphere, was almost inevitably drawn into the hands of those who assured him thus repeatedly of their loyalty and love of progress. There is no reason to suppose that the Archduke Stephan was not actuated by an earnest desire to do the best for the nation in his charge, and, at the same time, to be a loyal servant but events were too to the head of his house foredoomed to was almost and he for strong him, Had he been an extraordinary man, a failure.

It was Jellacic. Later, at a drank his health as future Ban. January passed without worse happening than student and town riots in Milan, Padua, and other Italian towns, yet Radetsky's anxieties continued In heavy, for Piedmont was known to be arming. Hungary, Croatia, Bohemia, and Germany were waiting during those early weeks in that curious lull which so often just precedes the storm. The 1 st Banal regiment had to send a battalion to Italy in February, in answer to Radetsky's urgent demands. One Marie wrote a spirited poem on the occasion, which Colonel Jellacic put into German, and, even twice translated, the opening lines ringwell " Listen, :.

But February was not to end without the opening peal of thunder which all men were expecting. It came from France, that home of revolutions, and flung Louis Philippe from his throne in a few wild days. Lamartine, the poet, tried to rule the but rain from the skies and a bitter wind storm, did more to curb the mob than any man's influence,. England the Republic was proclaimed, and the echoes of the French upheaval rolled round Europe, and woke the cries of "Constitution!

French Republic might mean a French and the war, Empire's credit was too low to risk such an emprise. Want of money want of money made tied Radetsky's hands in Italy the prudent people in Vienna seek any way, however ignominious, out of the Hungarian impasse and to put an army in the field needed much besides men and guns. A Russian loan was unpopular, yet nowhere else could the statesmen of the Ballplatz ran. On 29th February, they wrote on the new "In a month Karntnerthor of the Innere Stadt will be overthrown Metternich Long live constitu:!

Vienna was about to begin her succession of revolutions, and the lads of the barricades were ready, with their unskilled hands, to welcome "freedom and spring. Nothing would serve but an appeal to Caesar " We will go no longer by the back stairs :. In the outer Burgplatz, that vast space where the Hofburg rises in the open midst call.

When the Archduke Franz Karl and the Archduchess Sophie returned from a walk by the Bastion, hats were waved wildly in greeting. The cries broke out " Long live the people's :. Within the Hofburg the Court officials were crazy with alarm, confused, hopelessly incompetent, and full of the fear that the events of Paris would. The garrison of Vienna under the Archduke Albrecht, was drawn up in readiness, and between twelve and one o'clock the soldiers received orders In several divisions they were to march to move.

Hofburor the terrible sounds confirmed everyone's worst fears, and it was expected that the The poor, kind palace itself might be stormed. In the. Weak-minded deeply distressed. The man in most obvious their "poor, ;. His house was threatened Princess Melanie gallantly declared that she would stay at her husband's side, while he showed no intention of retreating but it soon became evident At seven in that the moment of his fall had come.

Metternich flung back " I do not give in, gentle" as he passed through. In the ante-room still deputations surged and talked and waited impatiently for news from within. Chancellor gave way to the inevitable, and bowed his grey head before the storm. It last the. At nine o'clock his resignation was announced to the waiting people, and the whole town broke into illuminations and joyful torchlight processions. Mob, had and their students, wishes, and people gained the light-hearted, truly Viennese desire to celebrate the occasion seized them.

Women on road trips aren't tragedies waiting to happen. Like men, we're free

Everything was going to be all right now. At one blow they had rid themselves of all their enemies. Metternich, the hated chief of the slow-coach Sedlnitsky, police, Archduke Ludwig, and the Archduke Albrecht. Prince Windischgratz, known as a bitter Conservative, was announced as a possible new head of the War Office, but his supporters were outvoted, though, from that time, his authority in the military matters of the Empire was supreme.

He and his brother drove out, with the young Archduke Franz Joseph on the back seat, and they were greeted with thunderous cheers, flowers showered from windows, and every sign of joy. Could it be possible that a revolution had been accomplished with so little violence and bloodshed? Men began to breathe quiet. Austria, a short time ago the last in the rank, has, with one step on the path of freedom, won the start from all the German states.

They cheered their German brothers, united in the cause of freedom ;. The Palatine length, and with much displeasure. Majesty but now I can do nothing except stand by my promise all the same, I am ready to put my ;. Many were ready to offer him the crown itself, and even the most Conservative statesman in Vienna must have seen that the only way to manage the country was to govern through,.

From a in all their national bravery,. Erzherzog Karl," in the Karntnergasse, Kossuth made a flaming speech to an enthusiastic crowd but the deputation was prevented from seeking out the Kaiser at once, as he was said to be exhausted by all the fatigues of the Ferdinand der Giitige was not allowed to rest day.

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Crown, too, his soldiers success to their band. While we have Jellacic, calm is our country None do us ill through the length of the land. Zagreb greeted the events of March with rejoicing, and on the 15th a committee under Gaj and Kukuljevic drew up a petition to the King, demanding There were proconstitutional rights for Croatia. Vienna saw in the last turn of affairs some hope and something to be gained in Whether it were really Baron Josika, Croatia. Croatia To balance the too-Liberal Palatine in Hungary with a certainly loyal Ban in Croatia was a stroke of political insight strongly appealing to Austrian diplomacy,.

There was no single portion of the Empire, save Tirol, which could be depended on for absolute, unquestioning loyalty to the government and House of to. The question was where to find a Ban who would satisfy the national party, and yet keep Croatia true to the Austrian Crown. Ljudevit Gaj was not the man to have left this possibility unforeseen. There was room for all patriotic work in his Illyria, and he the capabilities of every man of note in the national Ban was a great step on the road land.

Annunciation, 25th March, from far and near to the Croat patriots brought of the Assembly in Zagreb which should opening. Gaj read the first resolution that a Ban should be appointed, and that Jellacic should be the man, and for a quarter of an hour the roar of applause filled the Stateshouse so that nothing further could be done until the excitement had subsided. Then Ivan Kukuljevic went on with the "charter. Vienna, to the King.

The hero of the moment was, perhaps, the man in all Croatia most astonished and perturbed at the task thrust. I Kuschland can forbid no one to nominate me but if they ask me whether I wish to be Ban, then decidedly I say, Herr von ;. But in quite a curious There's the history of it. It is just a decree of fate, which. To-day the Croat deputation starts for Vienna. Good-bye pity me, and may a peaceful lot be ;! On the way, at the post-.

Rif War

Glina, having taken care to speak of it to none, and there he soon received an urgent call to Vienna. His appearance there produced great confidence. He was also appointed Field-marshal-lieutenant and Commander-general of Croatia and Slavonia. He saw the trend of affairs clearly and plainly every one of his writings shows the certainty of his judgment and his tactful, loyal behaviour won all hearts and even gained the respect of his ;.

The naturally did not pass unnoticed in Hungary. Palatine and Szogyeny protested to Vienna that the Ban had always been a Hungarian magnate, and demanded that the appointment should be deferred until the formation of the new Hungarian Ministry was complete, but their demands were in vain. They had had their way and Batthyany was nominated president, so this Croat appointment was a balance to that concession. Eisenmann, whose most thoughtful book, Le Compromis, throws much light on Austrian affairs, gives an interesting judgment on the new Ban " Jellacic was a good example of that curious type, the Frontier officer.

They were all men born :. He incarnated Jelladic. Jellacic himself foresaw the difficulties of his position, and made up his mind to the determination it! Another French writer Deprez puts his opinion in the somewhat flamboyant manner of the journalist " chose Jellacid as truly Slav, democratic, and Gaj to be the Sword of Illyria.

He is more than ready a sword. Brave and chivalrous, he is without the Homeric strength of Georg the Black or Vouchich less erudite as a Slavist than M. Gaj, he is cultivated and intelligent and a man of the great world. He knows Europe, and over the heads of the Germans, he looks towards France but he is body and soul with Gaj, national in every thought and feeling, and ready for an alliance with Austria and war with Hungary. Jellafrc has a sword capable of : ; ;.

He will cutting through all the race-difficulties. Croat deputation on its way to Vienna. The route chosen avoided crossing- the Hungarian border, for they drove by Warasdin to In each town they Gratz, and thence took train. The people of to the. They were not pleased the Magyars had received instant. The rupture with the Hungarian Government was complete, for, after 28th March the Croat provinces considered themselves no longer responsible to the. Albert, full of hope and patriotic fervour, had crossed the Ticino and had sworn to oust every fortresses Verona,.

Mantua, and Peschiera had and fallen, any day the news of a crushing defeat might come. Troops must be sent to the south. White-haired General Nugent, the Irishman who served Austria so well, and who made his last campaign in , when over eighty, was gathering. It was a moment for concessions any concessions. Windischgratz at Prague, holding the Czechs with a strong hand, and Jellacic at Zagreb, secure in his people's trust, were the two certain points to which anxious statesmen clung during those agitating months, and they were obliged to let the Diet of Pressburg swing as Batthyany and Kossuth that would.

They were to have rights yes, but rights as Hungarians. One of the deputation grew angry and exclaimed that they had been deceived they had been under a foreign rule before they wanted national freedom, not a mere change of government from German to ;. Kossuth, with a superior smile. He kept his word, for he and his friends went. So, in the momentous year , the Croat people found their leader in Joseph Jellacic. Within fourteen days, I have been raised from a Frontier colonel to the dignity of Ban, Field-marshal-lieutenant, and ComIf a desire of our nation is fulfilled mander-general.

It will be my placed in me by this glorious people. The desires that the nation has expressed and presented before the kingly throne, echo also in my The good of the people and country that heart. I wish and my sole aim. We must accomplish ministry the great work of national, governmental regeneration, above all in the proper, legal way, through the national Diet Sabor , where the wants of the whole nation can be debated and ascertained. It will be shall Diet care that the be soon conmy principal. Before it all the country's wishes and requirements shall be laid, to be decided as best they may, and all will find help and fulfilment according to the will of the nation.

Therefore, union and brotherhood must be among us, without that brother has been a stranger difference of creed a been cause of hate and strife between has to brother No longer must the those of our blood aforetime. Safety and equal welfare in social and official life is now secured to every well-doing inhabitant of our Three Kingdoms,. Hearty greetings, likewise, to the inhabitants and patriots of our Dalmatian and Croatian coasts, and to the free province of.

Unity was to be the cry unity against those who would interfere with the liberties of the country,. Very soon his promises of energetic action and On 25th April, St Mark's reform were made good. This "robot" meant feudal service owed by peasant to proprietor, and had always been a heavy burden on Two days later martial law was the country folk.

First on the list came the Metropolitan of Karlovitz, and all the diocesan and titular bishops the kingdom, of both churches after them, the of age viz. The manner of election was as follows the headman of each fraction or parish according to its size, was to choose one or two voters, and, meeting :. The Kaiser's birthday in Vienna was celebrated in a way suitable to a year of popular reforms.

Empire was the and Emperor declared, by Pillersdorf's published, hand, that he "felt in his inmost soul the honour of. Viennese" to that real refuge for a the mountains of Tirol. In the Emperor's Hussars, the corps in which he served, he was liked both as a soldier and comrade,.

The backbone of Radetsky's force was Croat, and their brothers at home, at the Ban's Table, flung a proud word to the Emperor, when they passed. Ministry had made one effort to and sent a deputation to Zagreb charged with a friendly message but it was too late. The Hungarian deputation was warned that the national feeling was too strong for the authorities to assure its personal safety, and it returned to. Pesth to urge the Palatine to use against the revolting Croats. The news that, on 8th May, the straight from signal for.

The effect of these proclamations at Zagreb may be imagined. The Palatine's ordinances that the Ban's orders were illegal, as he had not been installed by Hungary, that no martial law should be imposed on Croatia, and that, especially, Slavonia and the town of Essek should return at once to their allegiance to the Hungarian crown, were published in the municipal hall on 15th May, and a riot was the result.

During those wild days he had plenty of occasion to use a firm hand, and he was always equal to the need. There was one stormy meeting at which an undermagistrate, preaching rebellion and the power of the people, raised his hand and shouted in the Ban's "Not even if you came at the head of a face. That was enough for a Frontier colonel, little used intimidation and insolence. Jellacic unbuckled his sabre, and flung it at the ". Some of the Sereshans were still with him, for he used them as a bodyguard, knowing that they were ready to go through fire and to face death at his word.

Arbitrary he was, removing officials, making laws and governing with. At the same time, with the mind of a poet and dreamer, he thought that the. During one of those first exciting days, while we spoke of the fate of the Monarchy, my brother said to me The Monarchy hangs by a thread and, if ' :. But fate flung his. None ever had greatness more clearly thrust upon him, and none ever showed more readiness to accept an awful responsibility or more earnestly strove to do what he thought right for his country. Hungary, and the Hungarian colours were trampled underfoot wherever the Serbs predominated.

The Raizen, the Backa, and the Banat districts had a mixed population of Serb, Wallach, Magyar, and German and, for the most part, German joined Magyar, and Wallach agreed with Serb, though there were ;. The district judge, Kengelac, forbade it, and the storm More than a thousand men, armed with burst. They fired blank cartridge, which only inflamed the mob, axes,. Two officers fell, the cope with the disturbance. Czernovid, pressed by the Turks, led 30, Serb families over the Austrian border and settled under Christian protection.

From the Emperor Leopold had a they treaty-right to have their own chief. Theiss and Danube, was a piece of country inhabited by Slav folk called Cajkists from the Turkish saiken-boats , who were originally banded together to form a river-defence against the Turks, and who still patrolled the streams in their armed boats and were admirable water-men.

All these Slav folk had been stirring and seekinga way towards progress for many years. They made tentative advances towards their Servian relations, but nothing more than oppression and disorder arose from the excitements in Servia. There is no doubt that the whole Slav world, including Bohemia and Russia, was moved by a. The consequence of the Magyar spurning of the Serb deputation was, first, the rioting we have mentioned and, second, a universal demand for a ;. Joseph Rajacic was a man of magnificent appearance, as his portrait shows, and of a fiery character.

He was more of a soldier than a peacemaker, and more of a patriot than a churchman. For a short while he held back, unwilling to take the responsi-. The Hungarian Government was approached, and bility. As the date fixed for the Congress neared 13th. May 1st, O. The :. Early on 15th May swelling crowds began to pour into the little town Cajkists in their light blue ;. Peterwardein the Banal soldiers, in brown jackets and tight, blue hose Syrmian peasants, in white linen, townsmen, and even some Frontier officers, with their gold-bordered shakoes, who had dared the It was the day of the wrath of their commanders.

Suplikad was in Italy with his a was appointed, with Georg so commission regiment, Stratimirovid at its head, to sit at Karlovitz and to. A deputation, headed by his Holiness, the newelected Patriarch, was to go to Vienna on 5th June, while Gruid and Stanatovid, Bishop of Neusatz, were to represent the Serbs at Prague, where a Slav Congress was about to open, and then to join the Patriarch at Vienna to present the petition. Bohemia, more cultivated and civilised, had been " but the slower to take up the word " nationality Slavonia, ;.

Prague during those early Congress of was June days representative of all the Slav race. The Vladika of Montenegro attended some popes gathered at ;. The street-cry of the next day was: " Down with the the Slav nation Long live " Yet the disturbance could hardly be Germans called national, and had more the character of a democratic town riot. The fighting Windischgratz's was fiercest round the Prince's palace, and a guard incident. Just at that. Princess Windischgratz, as she sat in her salon.

They ran to call the Prince and, without a word, he carried her body to a bed, kissed her forehead, ;. For his private wrong he took no revenge, and he made no effort to bring his wife's slayer to justice, though the blow confirmed him in his utter hatred of all sister of Prince Felix revolutionary measures.

Then let them be happy,. Obrist Hans, peasant of Stans, sang to the Poor, good Ferdinand's weak mind royal couple. When proper government. Granted and the reforms were concessions were o in train, all should have been well, and a gratetheir just ful people should have supported wisdom of popular rulers. Philosophically speaking, if mankind could only stop short in art, religion, government, or ideas, before fulfilment, the ideal might still be maintained.

Happy the mother who bore him ; ;. In friendship he greets and awaits us To share in his glorious hour. Zagreb was busy preparing for the meeting of the Diet, which had been convened for the 5th of June. The Slavs were said to be on the verge of declaring themselves an independent country, a Jugo-Slav kingdom that was to the address of the German Government while the Hungarian gibe to the Croats was to call them miserable servants of the Court party, with no All.

It is not to be supposed that the Croat Press and orators kept silence in this ". Bogoslav Sulck, summing up the situation on 22nd " We are approaching the breaking-point, May. Those who wish for peace are ready for war. Palatine's journey to Innsbruck, where he induced the Emperor's advisers to believe that Hungary. But it was not only a question of Croatia. The whole Slav world was ready to welcome the Ban,. Slavonia, Carniola, Steyermark, and wherever Slav blood flowed in men's veins they were received at the Jellacic house, near St Mark's Place, and all went away with the conviction that they had seen.

It would bringing have been exceedingly dangerous to have put off a the. The paper was addressed to the Ban, and adjured him not to desert them in this hour of need. It assured him that his country must be his first care, and, as he had been legally appointed by the King, he could a word, lay down his charge, any more than a Diet could be first convoked and then dismissed without holding a sitting. In conclusion, they his to remember that only one begged Excellency spirit, that of true loyalty to the throne, animated not, at.

The Place of St Katharine called to-day the Jellacid Square was chosen as the scene of the instalment, as no building would hold the crowd that desired to be present. Wooden stands were raised there ;. That it should be a solemn entry, the Ban and his escort Sereshans, Frontier troops, and nobles were met at the bridge over the Save by a huge. He rode. Greeted by Franz Zigrovic in the name of the. From what I have done, you may be sure that I am I. Again and again To came the crash of full-throated " Zivio Ban! Next day the town prepared for the consummation of the solemnity, and all men gathered to see their Ban take the oath under the cope of heaven.

Before the face of the people, under the open sky, in the light of the sun, should this high, great thing be done, which, above all, expressed the hope of a glorious and happy future," says Radic, in his historical study,. Mirko Lentulay, of Warasdin, had an ancient national guards ;.

After a little pause, wild cheering sounded from the Square of St Mark, and spread downwards to The artillery thundered, the bands the lower town. With his hand on his breast, he spoke to his. Croat parents in Croatia but the sun of my fortune shone brightest when the voice of the people called me to be Ban, and our gracious King listened to Not the nation's wish and gave me this dignity. Now that these honours have been made known to you, my people, I beg you here, in the public assembly, to listen while I take the oath to my King and country.

Again the King's diploma was read and then two lighted candles with a crucifix between them, were placed before the Ban. Jellacic raised his three fingers, and repeated the ancient words of the oath clearly and distinctly after the Patriarch :. Also, I will maintain the laws of the land and to all who seek constitution all ;. Then the Ban obtained silence for a speech which was long remembered by all who heard it. Words fail me to express the joy of my heart that I am to be the first freedom to you. Our proclaim this word has had heroic and famous Bans but I country doubt if any were more fortunate than I, for I feel to ' ; '.

You are free. Steep indeed is the path to our goal, but though it be long and difficult, we must follow it. For is. Brothers loyalty to our King has been ever our national virtue, and so it must remain. Let the the of time grand saying present Liberty, equality,. But it is my duty to remind you that Diet will ;. Then, brothers, we do not wish to be bound only by the lifeless gold of a crown the bearer of the crown should be the living image of the union and therefore, we desire to renew the full significance of the Pragmatic. On this basis we must place our relations with Hungary, not standing against our neighbour as an Brothers!

Hungary, then, words of our gallant Ban Erdody One cannot laws for another and kingdom prescribe we must show them, with weapons in our hands, as we did long ago, that one nation cannot rule the ' :. With regard to our Pan-Slav tendencies, we can openly assert that our sympathy extends to all the branches of our race, but in no way to their governments.

I will not enter into the particular difficulties before us, for they are well. Rajacic then lifted his voice in a solemn address, of fiery, patriotic eloquence. He spoke of the Ban as the "glory and hope of our nation," and that " all. Long live our Ban Jellacic! Long live our Ban, our glory and our pride The Patriarch had roused the heart of the people as only such a mixture of patriotism and religious " The Slav begins and ends all feeling could do.

At such a moment of national regeneration, it was only natural to appeal to the God of Battles with. In the brown, small church gathered all who could press into it and without, the crowd listened, bare-headed in the June sunshine, while the Te ;. The Ban knelt, with his gilded, red velvet servicebook before him, motionless, overcome, as well a by the magnitude of the task in day, but calm in his that would be certainty strength given him sufficient for the work to be done. From the Catholic to the Greek church passed the dignitaries, in token that the peace of God had come at last that in this, at least, they were all united and could praise God together for the Ban He had sent them in their hour of need.

I swear to love Her, changeless, faithful over all ; blind self-will to leave Her, but to answer freedom's call, is. The exaltation of the 5th of June had to be succeeded by a great deal of practical hard work. The Emperor's command was still left in abeyance for a few days, while the Diet started on its duties and certain necessary arrangements were made. Ralston regarded Mr. Brewster favorably and desired to aid him "All we can with propriety".

Additional Note A letter introducing Mr. A[dolph] Sutro to the Oriental Bank Corporation; his was to present a plan for a tunnel through the Comstock Lode in order to drain it so as to facilitate the development of its silver mine; points out the importance of having such a tunnel and the benefits to be derived from it; requests the Oriental Bank Corporation to make such introductions to Mr.

Sutro where he could present his plan "fairly and upon its merits". Additional Note Had received Mr. Sutro's two letters of 11th and 21st August with the contracts of various mining companies []; all of the first set delivered to the companies that had offices in San Francisco and receipts taken; others sent to Virginia City to be delivered there; the second set is kept in the Bank's vault; glad that Mr.

Sutro has obtained a bill in his favor from Congress and hopes that he can obtain the capital needed. Additional Note Statement of vouchers collected for the account of W. Additional Note States reason for not sending the body of [Ralph S. Fretz's will; Judge [O. Shaw of New York for advice as to the best thing to do. Bacon who is to give a receipt for the same; he agreeing to return the Mill either to the Sheriff or the Bank of California in the same good condition as when it was received; the Bank will have the Mill taken care of while the suit is pending at no cost to the Sheriff or the Bank.

Ralston that the decision of Mrs. Farren and their children; the stockholders on the Atlantic side or traveling in Europe instructed L[ees] and W[aller] as to that which they should do when the funds arrive; no dividends or payments of any kind can be made until twelve months after the death of Capt[ain] Fretz when a court decree will provide for the distribution of the estate according to the will; Will find out about the removal of the remains of Capt[ain] Fretz; Mr. Additional Note Had received the Committee's Circular of February 29 with the ticket of the candidates to be voted upon; regrets that he cannot co-operate with the Committee on the basis it proposed since Mr.

Additional Note Expects Judge Deady and Judge [Ogden] Hoffman to dinner that evening to meet Gen[era]l [] McDowell; apologized for short notice but did not want to interfere with the General's other engagements. Additional Note Had received Captain's letter of August 23rd, [] and agreed with him in not being in any hurry to pay high prices when a few months more or less would make no difference.

Since Mr. Ralston is building he would not be ready for anything before March when he plans "to arrange ground lay out"; Captain Fauntleroy to pick up any articles he approves of; should Mr. Ralston request anything he might like he advised that Messrs. Russell and Co. Ralston's credit for anything he might order and Captain Fauntleroy can order through that firm if he should know or hear of anything; sending them tracings of plans of his house and some idea of the lay of ground about it, the position of wall[?

Additional Note Gratified to learn that Mr. Noble has obtained a position with the Rolling Mill Co. Ralston advises that "Industry, fidelity and integrity are sure to win". Mcdonall's letter of [January] 16th and set about finding a team of horses that would fit the order but was unable to find any worth sending; selected two from his own recent purchases; states price he paid for them and describes them; outlines his policy in buying and selling horses; gives arrangements made for transporting the team and advice on care of the animals after arrival; includes list of cost and expenses and states arrangement for payment; advised keeping a groom at least for a month or two until the horses are in good order; will go down with Capt[ain] Eldridge and with him ask for special care of the Capt[?

Additional Note Thanks Mr. Brooks for his letter enclosing a copy of the contract of [] Guiterrez and [] Thompson's receipt; the Company has a copy of the contract but it has paid no attention to the repeated approaches on the matter since the claim is considered worthless; returning the above papers as requested.

Hopkins' account unless the Bank heard otherwise. Additional Note Asked what Mr. Kittle could do about this; thinks if he holds up for a while, something will be done. To [] Kittle. Additional Note Introducing Messrs. Motter of New York who are visiting the west coast; request that the above do all they can to help them see Nevada.

Williamson for his note of February 12th and apologizes for his delay in answering it; thanks him for finding out the names of those who wrote "the venemous attacks" upon the Bank [of California]; other sources have confirmed that which Mr. Williamson found out with one exception; mentions two who have "a personal grudge to gratify" and make false statements which will come back to them to their dishonor; the Bank ignores such attacks since the position it has and its operation is well known to men of business and others who will not be influenced by such an attack; the authors will get their just dues "in the regular course of human events" without the Bank having to take any action; will be glad to hear any information Mr.

Williamson might acquire which will be held in strictest confidence. Seward, U. Secretary of State during the Civil War; will be grateful for any courtesies shown him while in Yokohama. Horn owed money to the Bank of California and had defaulted in his payment; he and his wife conveyed to Mr.

Ralston by deed certain lands described in the deed to secure payment to the Bank of California; in default of payment the land to be sold at auction; to pay out the proceeds of the sale all money owing to the Bank of California by Mr. Horn and all expenses of the sale; if any money is left over from the sale it is to be paid to Mrs. Horn, her heirs or assigns; if payment is made to the Bank of all money owed it and all costs of executing the trust by Mr.

Horn, before the sale the land is to be conveyed to Mrs. Ralston powers and authority mentioned therein is signed by both Mr. Additional Note Had just received Mr. Linderman's departure that all the Bank's interests regarding the coinage charge question will be left in his hands only to do as he deems best and he will be taken care of; Mr. Ralston approved of the way Mr. Linderman put it, "that the right things come right to business"; concurred and advised him to "go ahead and do the needful" [sic] but not to "loose [sic] our trick trump every time".

Linderman of that date. A[] W. White and Co. Additional Note Refers to two telegrams sent to Mr. Barlow and states that in the one of October 24th all the information he has obtained from Mr. Ralston all he had gotten from time to time beginning "with exhibits of precious valuables" which Mr. Harpending and two friends had shown Mr. Barlow; mentions several other men in connection with the enterprise two of whom permitted only Mr. Harpending to go with them [i.

Harpending's "description and nature of the locality"; gives an account of the situation and of Mr. Ralston's interest in it and that he is opposed to any sale of the property and states his reasons for so doing; considers it a "legitimate mining investment" since it would yield more than any one man or group of men would pay. Ralston does not "want to be counted crazy". Part of original letter considered undecipherable]. Additional Note Glad to receive Mr. Additional Note Referred Mr. Teakle to his letter in full on the Deutsch and Cal[iforni]a Bank; adds more information for Mr.

Teakle's own personal knowledge; [letter very illegible except last few lines in Mr. Ralston's handwriting]; " Biederman] must go to Germany. Then after fully confering our Mr. Mills go over provided The German People are willing to adopt our general views - otherwise, of course nothing could be done. Nothing private [? Additional Note The country is now pleasant so Mr. Ralston invites Mrs. Cole and her family to visit his Belmont home whenever it will suit her; and requests that she let the Ralstons know; Sub Rosa: there is the daily expectation of a little program but Mrs.

Ralston says will not make any difference; requests that Mrs. Cole communicate with Mrs. Cole will put him on the basis of an old friend. Additional Note Had given "careful attention" to Mr. Teakle's letter of February 28th, ; understands and appreciates the attitude of Mr. Teakle's German friends who consider the establishment of independent agencies as better suited to meet the needs of the proposed new Bank; and states why; does not consider the suggestions made by Mr.

Teakle as a serious obstacle to the cooperation with the new German California Bank on the part of the Bank of California; the German Bank can establish its own independent Agencies in New York and London and the Bank of California will act for the proposed new Bank and its agencies on the West Coast; will not interfere with its own business and will continue as before its New York and London agencies; will treat the German California Bank and its agencies on a reciprocal basis and points out how the European business would be handled; Both Banks must have independent action to which Mr.

Ralston and friends agree; locally consent would never be given to identifying the Bank of California "with any other company or institution" but sees no reason why there should not be cooperation and correspondence between the two Banks. Additional Note From Mrs. Lizzie Ralston's letter, Mrs. Cole could see that it was "all right" for her to come for a visit; Mr. Ralston would meet the train as suggested by Mrs.

Cole; Mrs. Cole would be called for at as would Mrs. Ralston planned to ask two gentlemen "to go to do the honors". Lizzie Ralston, Glenbrook, [California], March 27, [? Original in U. Additional Note Requests a favor that Mrs. Cole invite several young gentlemen who will "make it agreeable to our young ladies", as well as for the older girls or to let Mr. Ralston know whom to ask and he will issue the invitations; thinks it better for Mrs.

Cole to ask them to accompany her or to meet her at the depots; has asked no one but she and Mrs. Whiteing must do that for him and he will confirm by notes; wants it "special charge" and he will not stand for "any shenanegan". Williams who accompanies him and requested Mr. Cooke's assistance in their mission to the United States which they will explain in detail; will do everything that can be done to second his efforts; states why it is impossible to do much on the West Coast; United States should now make friends with Japan to prevent English capital from getting a financial hold over Japan; a small loan will relieve the situation and permit that country to deal directly with United States which Japan considers "their natural ally"; success of this mission very important; commend these gentlemen to Mr.

To J[ames] Lees. Lees do everything possible to get New York financial men to take hold of this matter. Wiilliams who will present their plans for a loan and state the resources of Japan; requested that they be helped in any way; mentioned letters written others; if possible would take this loan in California; advised Mr.

BiblioVault - Books about Fiction - C

Lees to go directly to Mr. Jay Cook[e], Baron[? Lees' "cordial support". Additional Note Sending with this letter a press copy of the [The Bank of California] of May 15th and a "press copy of Outturn of , Rios of Niboos received per St[eame]r America"; confirm both; disappointed that no advice regarding further consignments were received from Mr.

Enoyi but presume that they will come by the next steamer. Additional Note Received Mr. Additional Note Received the telegram from Mr. Jones; stated President [Ulysses S. Jones and others who share the same view on the current financial question which has accomplished so much and the future looks good. Stuart's letter of October 4th has been received and its contents noted to which the [Bank of California] will respond; said Bank has depended more heavily than expected on O. Stuart's note of November 16th containing reprimand regarding the "grossly out of line" account of the Bank of California with the [Oriental Bank Corporation of London] which has "pained" Mr.

Ralston "very much"; stated reasons why such a situation had come about; apologized and assured Mr. Stuart that the Bank's account would be put in order and "kept up"; stated method to be used to accomplish this; thanked Mr. Stuart for his forbearance and regretted that there was cause for him to censure Mr. Nicholas Luning, a trustee of the Bank of California and a member of the Executive Committee of its Board had left for a pleasure trip to Europe and to look after his children who are in school in Germany; has a close knowledge of all the Bank's business; has been asked to call upon and confer with Mr.

Stuart regarding the Bank's business; he is to invite Mr. Stuart to visit the Bank; if not convenient to have other named men connected with the [Oriental Bank Corporation] to come; account to be in order in June; wants to continue friendly relations; Mr. Luning a wealthy man and prominent in financial circles; commends him to Mr.

Stuart; hopes for a visit from someone from the Oriental Bank Corporation. Additional Note Sending Mr. Luning letters giving the views of the [Bank of California] regarding "an arrangement with O[riental] B[ank] C[orporation] for a continuation of our [its] business"; since it would be impossible for either Mr. Ralston to leave the coming summer the Bank's negotiations with the O[riental] B[ank] C[orporation are given to Mr. Luning; feel that if the latter would send one of its personnel to confer with the Bank of California it would be a great help in coming to an understanding; commented on the New York Gold Market and the Money Markets of the world and their effect; reported yields of Crown Point and Belcher Mines; comment regarding [Milton S.

Ralston's election as an honorary member of the San Francisco Cadets; returned his "best thanks for the honor"; asked that the action be reconsidered since he cannot accept the honor; willing to serve the organization in any way consistent with his views. Additional Note According to Mr. Lawton's letter of April 26th; his brother had called and requested that the letters be sent to New Port; he had given the same directions before but the memorandum had been lost; sorry and it will not reoccur; noted comment on the price of stock; Mr. Additional Note Letter introducing Mr.

Fred[eric]k W. Sharon, son of Mr. Additional Note Had been talking with a mutual friend about asking Mr. Scott to announce from his pulpit that Calvary Church was to have a "fair" from Tuesday, October 7th until Sunday evening at Pacific Hall and to ask his congregation and their friends to help the cause; comments on the need of some churches in maintaining a pastor without aid and requests unity of action of all "in regard to great Protestant interest on this coast"; requests cooperation in the Fair and shall ask others for the same co-operation; had been doing all he could for Presbyterian Churches in poorer part of San Francisco; comments that all must work together and disregard petty jealousies which will result in the amazing success of all the churches; [Dr.

Scott] may make any use of that which he has to say but that his name not be used; some points of interest in the Fair will told him by Mr. Additional Note Thanks Messrs. Hall and Johnson for their kindness in giving asked information about the amount of school tax collected; states that the amount paid by Mr. Mezes, and others as well as himself was a compromise for the school tax and had nothing to do with previous amount paid; that which Mr.

Mezes did for Mr. Ralston was the same as for himself for which he is greatly obliged. See also letter of Mezes, S[] M. Stuart's letter of October 4th and contents received attention and will receive proper response; had leaned more heavily on [Oriental Bank Corporation] than expected but took into consideration their mutual interests; have ways and means of putting [Bank of California] account in order; watched way things were going in Bank of England; to continue shipping bullion to [Oriental Bank Corporation] to put cash account in order soon; the recent burning of timber in a tunnel of Virginia and Truckee Rail Road at Virginia City, Nevada, had stopped transporting of ores from the mines to mills; temporary track will permit a partial supply of ores until repairs are made; money scarcer than ever the preceeding three months and to continue; the taxes to be paid not loose until the following spring; thousands of tons of grain cannot be moved due to lack of ships; which takes money to carry; greater ease forseen; thanks Mr.

Stuart for his kindness. Ralston had rented to Mr. Stech upon receiving a receipt for it from him even though not entitled to any commission on the interest collection; preferred to be liberal with him as with all others with whom business is done; [Last lines illegible]. Additional Note Stet had been handed to Mr.

Ralston that morning and he sends it by a private who will give it to Mrs. Cole personally; is self-explanatory. Additional Note Asked the Agents and Conducts of the various railroad lines to show the bearer Miss Carchill [Cargill], her sister and nurses "all care possible"; in case of accident or any unexpected circumstance their needs are to be cared for and Mr. Ralston et al will respond with their "best thanks"; they are on their way from England to Japan to join their parents, friends of Mr.

Additional Note In reply to Mrs. Campbell's letter of August 20th, to Mr. Ralston he tells her that Pullman cars do not have any dining cars so that her niece, Miss Cargill will have to do that which she did before; Enclosed a letter to the railroad Conductors and Agents which Mr. Ralston hopes will take care of any possible occurrence that may happen to her; she must be careful to always have it with her and not to lose it; Mrs.

Ralston was absent at the Paso Robles but would return before Miss Cargill arrived; the Ralstons would be happy to see her and would do whatever needed to be done for her. For the letter enclosed with the above see Ralston, W[illiam] C. Reply to Campbell, A. Ralston; considered the woods "exquisite" and asked whether it would be possible to obtain a large quantity of a variety of woods for the inside finish of the Palace Hotel; would like to have Mr. Russell order ten to twenty thousand feet; gives directions for payment and shipping; Mrs.

Ralston at Paso Robles for a while; to "go into raptures over the most beautiful and elegant Box"; commented on interruption of steamship line; inquired about the outlook for steamship lines in England and what can be done; commented on situation here. Yerington would telegraph him description of land to be located; asked that it be done promptly and Mr. Ralston be sent a telegram when done.

Hartnell both dated Sacramento January 13th regarding the receipt and disposition of School Land warrants for acres which Mr. Yerington had ordered purchased through W[illia]m S. Ralston drew on Mr. Special Collections. Yerington Collection. Additional Note Can add nothing "worthy of not" to [James A. Pritchard's] letter as Mr. Ralston gets all his information from him; had asked Mr. Pritchard to write Mr. Barlow; had heard good accounts from other sources about the mines and was encouraged by them; feels that operations are going well.

Barlow, Esq, New York. Original in Huntington Library]. Ogeden the Bank of California to give this message to his brother. Ogden would understand this message and Mr. Ralston advised that he do as requested at once. Additional Note Thanks for the note of August 11th and the one for Mrs. Ralston; Joseph[] said he is to take some things for Emelita so Mr. Ralston is writing a letter to send by him; expressed his obligation for his friends great interest in Mr. Mills and in Emelita; praises the writer of the letter as a "fast and firm friend Mills as a "noble team" and asked that Mrs.

Mills be told that this letter is also for her and that Mr. Ralston will write her; has high praise for both. Additional Note Had often heard of W. Ralston and thought he would write to him though he did not know whether they were related; gives his family history; was getting along "Prity will [sic]" when he and his family were ill for a long time and he had to mortgage his little home to live; had gone back to work but times were so dull that he could barely make a living and the mortgage is due early the following month, and does not know where to get the money to pay it off since he has no friends to help him; asks Mr.

Asks Mr. Ralston not to think that it is money thrown away because it is not, for he is in earnest even if poor. Additional Note Since interest was higher in California than elsewhere he questioned whether a person who devised a scheme to draw capital from abroad to California would not be a benefactor to the state; asks Mr. Ralston to "assist or join me [him] in concocting such a scheme" since Mr. Ralston's position is guarantee enough for its success; has idea that there are large amounts of valuable real estate around San Francisco which will continue to increase in value and its owners will want to borrow money on it for a term of years rather than sell at a low price; proposes plan whereby the Bank of California accept the drafts with securities deposited with the bank; the Bank of California with its world wide reputation, second only to the Bank of England would be favored by capitalists the world over; no other institution nor county or state government in California could compete with the Bank of California; outlines how plan would work and terms and includes a statistical table of how it would work; suggests other possibilities of the Bank of California handling the business; should Mr.

Ralston think well of the plan Mr. Ranney would visit California to talk over the matter with him. Ralston and later the Directors of the Bank of California of "the perfect safety and great profits attending the business"; hopes that his scheme will be considered on one of three inducements and hopes the bank will lend him the influence of its world wide reputation when it feels that it has "all requisite security" in their own hands; hopes Mr.

Ralston will assist him. Louis where he will begin September 6th; has excellent plans for his engagement in San Francisco. Ralston would like to have them and is willing to send a sample. Deane for his approval of that portion of his decision which related to the late W[illia]m C. Ralston; explains in some detail why he said what he did in the decision of the case before him. Answer to letter of Deane, Coll, n. To Judge T[] H. Additional Note Sending copies of two bills regulating the sale of mining stocks; considers Gibbon's bill "a perfect cut throat" while Duffy's bill is apt to be passed; Mr.

Duffy asked for suggested amendments; Mr. Redington suggested two; would be glad to know Mr. Ralston's views or those of one of his brokers on the Duffy bill which he believes the Legislature will pass perhaps amended; believes the Gibbon's bill will not be considered; is of the opinion that public sentiment demands that something be done which will control the action of members of the Legislature; "Belchen [?

Redington still has large holdings but supposes he should have sold early. Additional Note Apologizes for giving occasional notes of introduction to personal friends who are going to California - mostly capitalists or business men whose acquaintances might be of value; has just given a note to his friend Mr. John Rice, a leading capitalist and business man of Philadelphia and a director in the Penn[sylvani]a R[ail] Road which is making extensive connection between the East and the West; he will be accompanied by his wife and two daughters.

Additional Note The gentleman from whom Mr. Rice obtained the [illegible] is anxious to know how the animals stood the voyage; he has orders to send several herds to Oregon and does not know whether to send them by steamer or by railroad to San Francisco; encloses a report of the sale of stock in Philadelphia the previous day which indicates how the stock is appreciated in that region; prices lower than the average of preceding sales but everything there has shrunk in value except money; supposes it is the same in California. Mitchell whom the surgeon in charge considers it doubtful for his remaining in the service; his mother's uncle has told her that he can obtain a discharge on half pay and if he recovers his health will be allowed to return to service retaining his Rank; his family is in reduced circumstances so it is important to his mother that he remain in the service for that reason; asks Mr.

Ralston to contact the surgeon at the hospital to find out whether anything can be done to forward his mother's views; if Mr. Ralston can succeed all concerned will be greatly obliged. Additional Note Mrs. Mitchell's uncle has advised her to obtain from the surgeon at San Francisco Hospital, Mare Island, a certificate stating that her son was so disabled from service by the fact that there might be a return of his severe bronchial troubles that his return to the service, while apparently warrented by a temporary recovery, would in the long run either be fatal or very dangerous; his duties as a Lieutenant would bring on a quick return of bronchitis in its worst form; she asked Mr.

Rice to aid her in any way to bring the matter of he son's remaining in service before the proper authorities so that her plans may be forwarded for which she will be grateful. Enclosed in letter of John Rice, Phila[delphi]a, Jan[uar]y 28th, Additional Note The Upton family, their daughter Sarah being his daughter Olive's best friend, live in his home in Washington and take care of it and give him a house whenever he is there; Mr.

Ralston's name on a letter he wrote to Miss Upton about a lottery ticket brought back pleasant memories of his visit to California; will long remember Mr. Ralston's kindness to himself and family; will give him pleasure to see Mr. Ralston or serve him and any of his friends, and would like to reciprocate his kindness; [] Huntington, Dr. Kidwell and himself often talk about Mr. Ralston and his generous hospitality; had promised Miss Upton to thank Mr.

Ralston for his note to her. Ralston and thanked him for delivering it when Mr. Vanderbuilt [sic] arrives from China when Mr. Risley expects he saw so little of Mr. Ralston during his visit to California but he did want to bore one so very busy nor to accept his hospitality when he would never have a chance to return it; Mrs. Risley and Mr. Ralston but the latter was otherwise engaged. Additional Note As Mr. Ralston had requested that Miss Risley let him know whether "anything pleasant happened to us", Miss Risley reported that they had had "nothing but comfort and happiness since we [they] left San Francisco"; expresses her appreciation for all Mr.

Ralston had done for them and added that "there never was anything like the bamboo chairs"; reported that they were getting along well and had only smooth sea and cloudless skies to report; gives the number of two tickets in the Library Association and if either should draw the prize she wanted Mr.

Ralston to take care of it for her unless it should be a larger amount than the Bank of California should care to take. Gives the number of one ticket which she had sent to Miss Upton since Miss Risley did not care to have more money for herself than the other ticket would probably bring her. Additional Note Has many call for letter to Mr. Ralston but gives only a few and only to men whom Mr. Ralston would be pleased to meet; had just given one to John A.

Tyrrell, "an old and successful citizen", who is going with his family to see California. Ralston's inquiry as to whether Mr. Ralston's mail of March 5; thanks him for information about the ship; not seen his man but thinks Mr. Ralston's description of the vessel will do; went to the Custom House but "must communicate with Yedo officials before anything can be done"; Yedo is a two day trip away; could have sold the steamer Mr.

Ralston described right away had it been there; asks that the matter be kept open and will write him either "yes" or "no" and something official about the money side of the business; warns him to be careful of what he says before two passengers should he meet them; gives their names and addresses; they are very jealous of Mr.

Ralston's dealings. Additional Note Disappointed when he received Mr. Ralston's side; it was the wish of Oakes Ames[? Robertson should be made the assigner in New York; there would have been a flight and, while Mr. Ralston would have finally won, it would have been at a "fearful cost"; by going over to Mr. Ralston he was able to manage Mr. Ames as well as [] Swain and his lawyers in San Francisco; points out that he had "kept [] Treadwell and [] Carter in their places and arranged everything" with [] Hyde in New York; after his first interview with Mr.

Robertson made up his mind that he would fight the matter out on the former's side "every time"; had seen that which Mr. Ralston had done for Mr. Treadwell and felt that if he could get Mr. Ralston out of the scrape he would have a good chance on Mr. Additional Note Has gone into bankruptcy; might have worked through in three or four years but most of the creditors were willing to give him his discharge at once; asks Mr. Ralston whether he can give him a chance to work either in California or New York; thinks he did the right thing for the Bank as between it and [Oakes] Ames and that he is worthy of any opening there may be to help him "to get up again"; willing to do anything and work hard "to recover a fair position"; asks that a chance be given him to prove himself.

Additional Note Requested Mr. Rield to deliver to the Bank of California three first mortgage bonds of the Placerville and Sacramento Rail Road Company for the account of []. Ralston, Cash[ier]". Additional Note Was very disappointed in not meeting Mr. Ralston before he left as there were some matters which he wished to talk over with him; also disappointed not to have seen Mr. Ralston to mention this to him; Mr. Brereton wanted Mr.

Rodewald to say that his lack of success was due not to want of friends in England but that California enterprises are not favored in England for certain reasons; even California's best friend there can do nothing about it while there exists a feeling against American [illegible]; anxious himself and feels that everyone ought not to permit anything to happen to affect California credit; hopes that there will be a reaction the next year.

Ralston; carefully selected and was shipped from Liverpool by the ship "Comorant" February 13 and should have already arrived at its destination; has sent all the papers to his friend Mr. Milton L. Roelofson "care of London and yr [your] Bank, he has said that Mr. Latham should have a part of the wine if Mr. Ralston agrees to that; thinks that it cannot be equalled in quality in San Francisco. Additional Note Has received Mr. Ralston's letter of March 7, [] which he has handed to Mr. Rogers will see that the others named will also read it; is of the opinion that the bill will be opposed by the entire delegation and that it will not pass; Mr.

Rogers will find out the views of the members regarding the bill; believes that the Bank Commissioners bill will be kept in the Judiciary Committee as long as possible and then be reported adversely; willing to serve Mr. Ralston in any way possible in Sacramento. Ralston for the trouble he has taken; has been told that Con[solidat]ed Virginia is going down and asks Mr. Ralston to order her stocks in it to be sold as soon as it goes up to the price she paid for it, and have the money invested in California State bonds; would not trouble M.

Ralston but that small amount of money means something to her; sailing for Europe soon and gives an address where she can be reached by mail. Glasier [probably Isaac Glazier and Co. Additional Note At the time of the immigration to California Mary Rolston's father was living in Brocksville, Canada; his brother Robert and others went to the far west and was never heard from again; had given up the idea that he ever would but his daughter Mary saw Mr.

Ralston's name in a daily paper and thought that he might be the one or could give some information about him; her father settled in Jamesville, Wisconsin; would be greatly obliged for any information about Robert Rolston. Additional Note Had recently troubled Mr.

Ralston with a small matter of investment; has an interest in the Exchequer Silver Line and is going to come to see about it himself; leaves on S. Abyssinia for New York and hopes to call on Mr. Ralston in San Francisco; has a letter of introduction from Mr. Rothery; apologizes for troubling Mr. Chalmers in less than three weeks.

Roose in a difficult financial situation having two small children to support; inherited the "Ralston Place," the house built by Mr. Ralston to buy the old homestead and thinks he would buy it if he knew her situation; asks for an early reply. Additional Note Since Mr. Rosa has written to the firm but has received no reply; had his banker write them with the same result; asked Mr. Ralston to talk with Messrs. Barry and Patten before Mr. Rosa sends the papers to a San Francisco lawyer; needs the money now; and the firm cannot disclaim the debt; has a big Opera Company and opens at the Princess Theatre in London; met a San Francisco violin player in Paris a few days previously whom he praises highly.

Ralston for his trouble "in the mater [sic]" since he was certain Mr. Ralston would recover it; encloses all the papers needed for collecting and gives him power of attorney; lists enclosures as follows: No. Statement of account by Messrs B[arry] and P[atten], no. Copy of letter Mr. Rosa wrote May 10th, [18]70, and No. Additional Note Statement of account re real estate. Rosa had received "somewhat gloomy news" from Barry and Patten but does not blame them; he and his wife are going to rest a while, so must depend upon the interest on their money; states terms upon which this may be done.

Additional Note In explaining full particulars about the real estate, they may have omitted mentioning the note of which Mr. Rosa holds a receipt which should "cover the ground;" accepts Mr. Rosa proposition regarding the real estate operation and payments; if he goes to Europe he is asked to let them know his New York agent. Ralston's note enclosing Carl Rosa's debt at London; statement is correct and will shortly arrange matter in a way which will be satisfactory to Mr.

Ralston and Mr. B[arry] and P[atten] say they think they can pay in days - we suggest that the note be sent for renewal [no signature]. Ralston] Additional Note Asked Mr. Ralston to retain the little balance which was in Mr. Ralston's hand and to credit him with any dividend received from his shares in the Virginia Consolidated Mine and to debit him with whatever amount of money he may need for land; asked for a semi-annual statement of his account; retained pleasant memories of visit to San Francisco and kindnesses shown him; asked that Mr. Ralston give an introduction to any of his friends who are going to England and will be happy to see them.

Ralston for his letter giving him such a good account of his small investment in Consolidated Virginia [mining shares]; would like if possible to subscribe to some weekly or monthly paper which would give him full information about mining shares since he thinks he will add to his investment, asks that one of Mr. Ralston clerks subscribe to one for him; also asks that the Overland Monthly be subscribed to and also he wants all the back numbers of it be sent to him; praises the magazine highly; delighted to hear about the favorable season and marvels at the wealth of California in all things and would choose that state if he had to begin life again; mentions the weather conditions in England which has interfered with building; mentions lake Mr.

Ralston was forming by damming a stream which he was taken to see; begs Mr. Ralston to let him know whether he can do any thing for him or Mrs. Ralston in England. Ralston when staying at the Ralston home; had the idea it was intended for their new home in the country; had bill informed by the company sending it that Mr.

Ralston had paid for it and it is not a part of the account send to Mr. Rothery, nor has it been mentioned in any of Mr. Ralston's letters; supposes that it was sent to keep alive the memories of the trip to California and asks that grateful thanks be accepted; wishes he could return his courtesies; country home nearing completion and the mantel piece will be put in the place reserved for it and the head of a large bison which was obtained in Colorado and pictures bought in California are to be placed around the wall; should he and Mrs. Ralston visit his home, they will find much to remind them of their part of the country and a "hearty welcome;" tells of the death of Charles Itingsley [?

Palmer had not informed him by which way the mantel piece was being shipped, so has written to ask. All business matters to be reserved for a separate letter. Ralston for his letters on the future prospects of both mining and agriculture in California; had talked with Mr. Walker, publisher of the [London] Times and one of the members of Parliament for Berkshire and a gentleman of great weight in England who is considering sending one of his sons to California since he considers it the country of the future; Sir Cecil Rea [?

Rothery that two of his sons are in California; thanks Mr. Ralston for sending him back numbers of the Overland Monthly and for the newspaper which comes regularly; considers rise in Consolidated Virginia mining shares extraordinary and owes his investment in them to Mr.

Ralston who recommended them when Mr. Rothery mentioned investing a small amount in mining shares; if the account of the amount of are discovered is reliable the shares may go higher; sees proposal to raise the capital; has been watching the Crown Point and Belcher shares and may invest in them if they remain steady and pay dividends; has drawn checks upon Mr. Ralston in favor of two San Francisco photographers for photographs sent to him.

Russell and a few of his associates are about to form a joint stock company to make an offer for certain sections of the Canadian Pacific Railway which will soon be contracted for; believe that a renumerative contract can be made; would like to add Mr. Ralston's name to the list to be included in the Bill before the Canadian Parliament which is being prepared; no money required until the contract has been secured and then only the amount Mr. Ralston considers to his own interest; success at first may lead to larger transactions; would like an immediate reply.

Additional Note Leaving for Europe that day; pleased with this hotel which Mr. Ralston recommended; thanks Mr. Ralston for his kindness to him and hopes that he and his friends will give him the opportunity to reciprocate; [remainder of letter marked "Private"] had not made much progress in regard to Steam Service to Australia; had had an offer which he is taking to Europe and expects to meet the Portmaster from New South Wales the following month; to be successful Mr.

Russell believes that it must be an American line in order to get the American subsidy; hoped that Mr. Ralston and his friends would keep the matter a going because of its importance to San Francisco as well as Australia and N[ew] Zealand]; should Australian telegrams signed by either of two named men come to the Bank of California for Mr. Russell, he asked that they be repeated to him at the Bank of N[ew] Z[ealand] in London and debit the Bank for the charges and also for the one Mr. Russell sent from [A[] A. Ralston was to pay the charges unless he has an open account with that bank; if not, he is to have a draft on that Bank or Mr.

Russell for the money. Russell; which came through the Bank of California and tells why; [] Hall of Sydney, [Australia] who is Merrills principal denied that Mr. Merrill had any authority and has made Mr. Merrill is right and Mr. Hall is wrong; will not pay Mr. Merrill's draft until everything is settled since Mr. Merrill has no right to draw upon Mr. Russell "for freight in advance" if the Bank cannot recover the money from Mr. Merrill, Mr. Russell will reimburse the bank even if he loses money; sending a box of specimens made of N[ew] Z[ealand] furniture wood for Mrs.

Ralston; had Mr. Russell been in Auckland when it left he would have filled it with specimens of N[ew] Z[ealand] ferns. Ralston's letter of September 12th but does not think anything can be done about it and gives reasons why; had just returned from Sydney, [Australia] "patching up a temporary service" with the two governments uniting to maintain it; names those who are being kept on until a permanent service can be arranged; two others have until Feb[ruary] to make a breach of contract and Mr.

Russell expects to be in London by that time to do it; mentions the names of others who will be there so that Mr. Ralston will see that business is really meant; at least eleven knot speed is wanted and mentions terms that will be given; Mr. Russell plans to go by way of San Francisco and hopes to talk over the matter with Mr. Ralston while there; believes that a good thing can be made of it for the two colonies want it and are willing to pay for it; Mr. Russell who feels that the course Mr. Merrill has taken will not pay him; asks Mr. Ralston to read the enclosed and to return it; Mr.

Russell troubles Mr. Ralston with the Merrill matter to assure him that he feels Mr. Merrill has no right to the money and wants him to suspend judgement until he has read that which Mr. Russell has to say about it. Additional Note This is a letter written for newspaper publication, entitled "Affectionate Tribute to Mr. Ralston called his staff together and informed them that the Bank would not resume business; complimented them on "their efficiency and fidelity" and remarked that they would deport themselves as gentlemen under the trying circumstances; had been "hounded by certain newspapers" which misconstrued all his acts and accused him of political intrigue which he denied; declared the rumors that Messrs.

Flood and O'Brien had crowded the bank as "utterly false"; there was not enough money in the state and the Bank had too many depositors; promised all employees "a first-class position"; gave instructions to his clerks the next morning; turned over all his property, even the family home, for the benefit of the creditors; determined to start a new life; was asked to resign which he did; left for North Beach where he lost his life in the San Francisco Bay.

Additional Note Clipping. University of California. Report of the Board of Regents to the Governor. Sadler, Secretary and Treasurer of the Maysville and Lexington Railroad, Northern Division, stated that the railroad would probably be sold as the result of a judgement in a suit brought by the Bondholders and then pending in the United States Circuit Court at Covington, Kentucky; describes the railroad and its possible extensions to connect with the termini of other railroads and thereby develop the interior of Kentucky; stated the railroad would be a profitable venture; if Mr.

Ralston is interested in purchasing the railroad, Mr. Sadler asked him to investigate the matter; Mr. Sadler had a selfish interest since he hoped to gain a suitable position for himself; gave references; if Mr. Ralston would like to have a copy of the court's decree in case a sale is ordered Mr. Sadler will send one; offered any assistance he could give Mr.

Ralston in investigating the matter; hoped that the latter will be attracted; hoped to hear from Mr. Additional Note Allie [Sanders? Sanders to ask Mr. Ralston for a letter of introduction to Mr. Sivinton delivered and admired him greatly; would like to make his acquaintance through Mr. Ralston; if the letter will comply with this request, Allie will be instructed to call at the bank for the note for which both he and Mrs.

Sanders will be greatful. Ralston for his kind letter; Mr. Sargent made the remarks that he did because he was tired of hearing lobby agents and paid papers harping against the Bank of California; felt sure his remarks were true so did not need Mr. Ralston's assurance that they were; glad of a chance to do him justice after all the injurious assaults of the Washington press which were endorsed by speeches on the floor.

Ralston's letter of June 25th; miscellaneous appropriation bill had passed the House and was pending in the Senate; under House rules Mr. Ralston's suggested amendment could not be put into the bill; should the Senate return the bill to the House with provisions similar to those Mr.

Ralston wanted Mr. Sargent will concur while Mr. Additional Note Will submit the letter received from Mr. Ralston to Mr. Sargent will do all he can to push the bill but is not on any Committee to which the bill can be referred and Philadelphia controlled the Committee on Coinage through Kelly Chir; but influence of the department may overbalance that if the bill can be gotten at.

Additional Note The bill about which Mr. Ralston wrote is in the Committee on Coinage with Kelly Chir who is unfriendly to it; can only be gotten back by suspending the rules which Mr. Sargent will try to do; if he can do so the bill may be carried through; does not encourage too much hope for some things he cannot do. Sargent opposed to Sutro Tunnel and stated Mr. Ralston was right in saying that; some of the former's remarks on the question of printing, using the Clarence King's report as an illustration appeared to have been misrepresented by telegraph to the Pacific; Mr. Ralston believed in Mr.

King's expedition and so did Mr. Additional Note Reported that the House debate referred to in Mr. Ralston's telegram "was greatly misrepresented, perhaps maliciously"; "question was on the general appropriation for printing and [James A. Additional Note Supposed Mr. Mills knew that Mr. Ralston had referred to for the purpose of preventing "that infernal lobbyist" from opposing the mining bill but it did him no good; clause in [] Stuart's mining bill of the previous year from which Mr.

Sargent took most of his new mining bill; but he left out that clause of no legislative value but lobbyist made such a fuss about it that it was permitted to go in; did not suppose that clause would commit Mr. Sargent to the Sutro tunnel nor did [Adolph] Sutro, who considers Mr. Sargent "a terrible thorn"; considers Mr. Ralston's view on Goat Island correct, but does not believe it the objective point of the Company; sends his remarks; believes San Francisco must have greater facilities for trade and states why; doubts that Goat Island will ever be used by the Railroad Company even if given and why.

Additional Note Goat Island bill changed on Mr. Sargent's advice so as 1 "to require a bridge on piers of ft. Sargent will not concede; newspapers and public meetings of San Francisco have heaped indignities upon Mr. Sargent which he overlooked in order "to perfect the bill" and do away with all stated objections; in case of a difference of opinion on a local question between S.

Sargent favored the latter; San Francisco had not succeeded in the way it wanted the bill changed because "it was unworthy of the town and unjust to both [Mr. Sargent] and Mr. Ralston's letter regarding Gen[eral] [] Simpson; expects to hear from Mrs. S[impson] and will try to get the order; her letter will explain things and enable him to answer questions better but if he doesn't receive it will try without it.

Additional Note Thinks there will be speedy action in the matter of refining the gold and silver deposited in the San Francisco Mint and the contract will be renewed; will further supervise the matter; [] Lyman was removed on December 24th. Ralston's dispatch about [James] Coey; [President U. Coey and he will make the appointment regardless of any protest made by the San Francisco people; Mr. Sargent did not recommend Mr. Coey nor did any agency have anything to do with his selection; Grant had tried for four years to give him the office of Post Master in San Francisco.

Additional Note Will help that bill and guesses it can be passed since obstructive influences have been gotten rid of; does not care about who authors it and is willing to let J. Hager have it to whose attention he will call the matter. This is a devil of a country isn't it? Sargent to use five minutes of his time to read the printed letter before consigning it to the paper basket "as a matter of justice" to him.

Enclosed with Sargent, A[aron] A. Ralston's letter of February 9th which enclosed a press copy of his letter to [Samuel? Linderman; appreciates Mr. Ralston's arguments for free coinage which will be secured if possible; House Committee on Appropriations has reported an appropriation to make good the deficit for recoinage of abraded gold taken for customs, a matter of great necessity for recoinage without loss to the holders; doesn't know whether it can be done but will try; notes Mr.

Ralston's comments on the Dolly Vardens; Mr. Sargent commented that "there is little hope of a reaction and little safety for decent public men while the newspapers press is the mere exponent of private malice, and teaches communism daily"; has given letters of introduction to Mr. Ralston at the request of members of Congress; does not wish to burden Mr. Ralston with such letter but until he hears from him that such letters are undesirable he will comply with similar requests. Sargent either "the victim of a sell, or Merrill and Co. Sargent to introduce a resolution inquiry about the present condition of the line - the men having written it out; after that he had received many letters about it, one a very hostile letter from Merrill and Co.

Sargent had ordered the Post Office Committee not to make any report on the resolution and to drop the matter to which it agreed. Ralston's letter of February 28th; [John A. Otis and [Charles] Hubert, [Treasurer of the City and County of San Francisco] into the State prison and will probably be successful; "and that the Bank of California has been the tempter to the crime's committee!

Sargent has been able to set some people right on the situation but millions are deceived; considers that the press has injured the city worse than a weekly earthquake; feels that "there is insanity, stark madness, in society, press, legislature and all"; Mr. Sargent cannot do for the State as he knows how to do; cites a dispatch from Sacramento stating the things that the Legislature has given instructions against doing which is detrimental to trade with the Orient when that is the West's only business outlet; also finds fault with Mr.

Sargent for trying "to simplify and cheapen the process of obtaining mining patents"; intends to devote himself to national questions only. Additional Note Has investigated the removal of the Army Depot from San Francisco made necessary by the limited appropriations available; Congress is practicing strict economy which is considered commendable "where it does not cut us down, eh? Additional Note Had already written Mr. Ralston that he had introduced the resolution about the Sandwich Island mail at the request of interested parties then in Washington but which was objected to by Merrill and Co.

Additional Note J. Sargent introduced into the United States Senate at the request of Mr. Chittenden in regard to the transfer of the subsidy from the Pacific Mail Company to the Australian Line for carrying mail to the Sandwich Islands; Mr. Chittenden was counsel for the mail line and Mr. Merrill's letter to Mr. Sargent had placed Mr. Chittenden in a very false position; states the facts regarding the situation. Ralston's letter of [March] 30th; will "try to trump [William] Mc Garrahan's tricks; considers him an [Adolph] Sutro" the [illegible] nuisances he knows; the latter lectures every night at Willard's [Willard's Hotel?

Additional Note The bill that the Senate passed does not have the effect Mr. Ralston supposes; all it does is authorize bars from the New York Assay Office to be transfered to the United States Treasury in New York where they can be sold at not less than par but "has no reference to any other part of the country"; considered Mr. Ralston indiscreet in sending telegrams to [John K. Ralston and capitalize on it; advised telegrams be sent to Laidlow and Co. Ralston's own benefit. Additional Note Had learned indirectly that the Alta [California] was greatly in debt and would change hands; suggested that San Francisco needed a decent and able paper because the live men of San Francisco have been exposed to abuse and the state has been misrepresented and injured by the other newspapers of San Francisco; while the Alta has sometimes helped in this it has become more decent; need of a paper which can do justice to the West Coast; considers that the Alta has a good foundation and would exert great power and pay if ably handled; if in the hands of able businessmen and an expert editorial writer the paper would pay and serve the useful purpose named; recalls that the need for such a paper was discussed at Mr.

Ralston's table by some of the best men of San Francisco on one of his visits there; advised that a company should purchase the paper and put it in experienced business hands; recommends a Mr. Sargent does not have the capital to do it but Mr. Ralston and others might do it and no longer be lashed by the Bulletin-Call when such a good opening is offered; requests that his letter be kept confidential.

Sargent and Geo[rge] F. Jacobs had granted a deed to certain mining property to Mr. Anker which deed being held in escrow by the correspondents of the Bank of California in London which was sent there by either the said bank or the Bank of Nevada County; asks Mr. Ralston to write the bank in London requesting them to allow Mr.

Anker to have access to this deed at pleasure, but the bank is to retain possession of it; letter to be sent to Mr. Anker at the address given. Additional Note [] Fay's bill cannot possibly be passed by Congress regardless of its desirability; Congress has not passed a land grant bill for four years since the majority of its members do not favor such bills; just before adjourning for the holidays the House by a vote lacking one of two-thirds, resolved not to pass any bill granting public land for any purpose.

Additional Note Had seen Mr. Gregg who had just returned from San Francisco and who told him that Mr. Ralston had inquired about him, so thought he would write and let him know about his old friend's situation; had one misfortune after another - death of wife and five children as well as other relatives and left with two small children; losses in his boat business and loss of home and everything he owned; had endorsed some of his steamboat friends whose boats were swamped and he was never paid for the resultant loss; remarried and had two more children but had difficulty in making a living for them; hopes that Mr.

Ralston will be willing to assist him in some way, however small, financially. Additional Note Regrets that he cannot accept Mr. Ralston's invitation to him and his company to visit his San Mateo [Belmont] house because of the limited time he can remain and the many other engagements he had already made; assures Mr.

Ralston of his appreciation of his valuable time and that it is impractical for him to devote a large part of it to ceremony. Additional Note Had talked with Mr. Ralston when he was in San Francisco about the National banking system which Mr. Ralston expressed some willingness to introduce into his bank under certain conditions; time is near when the Secretary of the Treasury must report to Congress so would like to know just which points in the national currency acts he objects to which, if removed, would cause him to make a national bank of his bank; it would make his bank one of great service to the United States if it could have its cooperation on the Pacific Coast; that is his sole object in writing.

Additional Note At the request of Mr. Cooke [? Ralston's address; enclosed a bill of lading and a list of the plants sent. Additional Note Had written to Mr. Ralston on October 11th; informs him of the death of Mr. Mc Donall to return to England; business is very unsettled in Hong Kong and rates of exchange fluctuate from day to day; the U. Additional Note Had received from Mr. Ralston says must be deposited with Laidlow and Company at once and that account must be kept good in the future; the company replied that if Ancon is sold, so much will not be needed and, if not, then the agent should "draw at 3 days sight for deficiency"; company wired Mr.

Ralston stating that it had reduced its liabilities in New York and asked him to "grant Mr. Cox temporary accommodation" which will not be needed in the future; company making effort to reduce its expenses and increase its efficiency; arrangements have been made and are being made with the overland route which will increase the revenues of both lines and hopefully restore the Pacific Mail Steamship Company to its former supremacy; company obliged to Mr. Ralston will accommodate with a moderate amount of money that within sixty days the company will need no more assistance.

Additional Note Acknowledged receipt of Ralston's letter of April 10th for which he returns both "official and personal thanks for the very friendly tenor" of the letter; gives assurance that he will do all he can to improve the company's service and add to its own prosperity; has been greatly encouraged and feels confident of success with Mr. Ralston's valuable assistance; asks that Mr.

Ralston's "friendly interest and valued advice. Bacon has gone to San Francisco "free to exercise his best judgement" and he has been requested to consult Mr. Ralston freely and wired Mr. Bacon to confer with him; hopes and believes he will induce enterprise and economy into the company's service which will gratify all; renewed thanks for Mr.

Ralston's kindness. Additional Note Acknowleged letter received from Mr. Ralston and recognized the force on that which he wrote concurs with his views and has written Mr. Scott and Mr.