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- What Is Intuition?
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The word intuition comes from the Latin verb intueri translated as "consider" or from the late middle English word intuit , "to contemplate". Both Eastern and Western philosophers have studied the concept in great detail. Philosophy of mind deals with the concept of intuition. In the East intuition is mostly intertwined with religion and spirituality , and various meanings exist from different religious texts. In Hinduism various attempts have been made to interpret the Vedic and other esoteric texts. For Sri Aurobindo intuition comes under the realms of knowledge by identity; he describes the psychological plane in humans often referred to as mana in sanskrit having two arbitrary natures, the first being imprinting of psychological experiences which is constructed through sensory information mind seeking to become aware of external world.
He terms this second nature as knowledge by identity. As a result, when we seek to know about the external world the dominant habit is through arriving at truths about things via what our senses convey to us. However, knowledge by identity, which we currently only give the awareness of human beings' existence, can be extended further to outside of ourselves resulting in intuitive knowledge.
He finds this intuitive knowledge was common to older humans Vedic and later was taken over by reason which currently organises our perception, thoughts and actions resulting from Vedic to metaphysical philosophy and later to experimental science. He finds that this process, which seems to be decent, is actually a circle of progress, as a lower faculty is being pushed to take up as much from a higher way of working. Osho believed consciousness of human beings to be in increasing order from basic animal instincts to intelligence and intuition, and humans being constantly living in that conscious state often moving between these states depending on their affinity.
He also suggests living in the state of intuition is one of the ultimate aims of humanity. Advaita vedanta a school of thought takes intuition to be an experience through which one can come in contact with an experience Brahman. Buddhism finds intuition to be a faculty in the mind of immediate knowledge and puts the term intuition beyond the mental process of conscious thinking , as the conscious thought cannot necessarily access subconscious information, or render such information into a communicable form.
In parts of Zen Buddhism intuition is deemed a mental state between the Universal mind and one's individual, discriminating mind.
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- 1. The Nature of Intuitions.
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He finds that regular knowledge is based on imitation while intuitive knowledge is based on intellectual certitude. In the West, intuition does not appear as a separate field of study, and early mentions and definitions can be traced back to Plato. In his book Republic he tries to define intuition as a fundamental capacity of human reason to comprehend the true nature of reality. He provides an example of mathematical truths, and posits that they are not arrived at by reason.
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He argues that these truths are accessed using a knowledge already present in a dormant form and accessible to our intuitive capacity. This concept by Plato is also sometimes referred to as anamnesis. The study was later continued by his followers. In his book Meditations on First Philosophy , Descartes refers to an intuition as a pre-existing knowledge gained through rational reasoning or discovering truth through contemplation. This definition is commonly referred to as rational intuition. Hume claims intuition is a recognition of relationships relation of time, place, and causation while he states that "the resemblance" recognition of relations "will strike the eye" which would not require further examination but goes on to state, "or rather in mind"—attributing intuition to power of mind, contradicting the theory of empiricism.
Immanuel Kant finds intuition is thought of as basic sensory information provided by the cognitive faculty of sensibility equivalent to what might loosely be called perception. Kant held that our mind casts all of our external intuitions in the form of space , and all of our internal intuitions memory , thought in the form of time. Intuitionistic logic was devised by Arend Heyting to accommodate this position and has been adopted by other forms of constructivism in general. It is characterized by rejecting the law of excluded middle : as a consequence it does not in general accept rules such as double negation elimination and the use of reductio ad absurdum to prove the existence of something.
Intuitions are customarily appealed to independently of any particular theory of how intuitions provide evidence for claims, and there are divergent accounts of what sort of mental state intuitions are, ranging from mere spontaneous judgment to a special presentation of a necessary truth. The metaphilosophical assumption that philosophy depends on intuitions has recently been challenged by some philosophers. Timothy Williamson has argued that intuition plays no special role in philosophy practice, and that skepticism about intuition cannot be meaningfully separated from a general skepticism about judgment.
On this view, there are no qualitative differences between the methods of philosophy and common sense, the sciences or mathematics. According to Sigmund Freud , knowledge could only be attained through the intellectual manipulation of carefully made observations and rejected any other means of acquiring knowledge such as intuition, and his findings could have been an analytic turn of his mind towards the subject.
In Carl Jung 's theory of the ego , described in in Psychological Types , intuition is an "irrational function", opposed most directly by sensation, and opposed less strongly by the "rational functions" of thinking and feeling.
Jung defined intuition as "perception via the unconscious": using sense-perception only as a starting point, to bring forth ideas, images, possibilities, ways out of a blocked situation, by a process that is mostly unconscious. Jung said that a person in whom intuition is dominant, an "intuitive type", acts not on the basis of rational judgment but on sheer intensity of perception.
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An extraverted intuitive type, "the natural champion of all minorities with a future", orients to new and promising but unproven possibilities, often leaving to chase after a new possibility before old ventures have borne fruit, oblivious to his or her own welfare in the constant pursuit of change. An introverted intuitive type orients by images from the unconscious, ever exploring the psychic world of the archetypes , seeking to perceive the meaning of events, but often having no interest in playing a role in those events and not seeing any connection between the contents of the psychic world and him- or herself.
Jung thought that extraverted intuitive types were likely entrepreneurs, speculators, cultural revolutionaries, often undone by a desire to escape every situation before it becomes settled and constraining—even repeatedly leaving lovers for the sake of new romantic possibilities. His introverted intuitive types were likely mystics, prophets, or cranks, struggling with a tension between protecting their visions from influence by others and making their ideas comprehensible and reasonably persuasive to others—a necessity for those visions to bear real fruit.
In more-recent psychology, intuition can encompass the ability to know valid solutions to problems and decision making. For example, the recognition primed decision RPD model explains how people can make relatively fast decisions without having to compare options. Gary Klein found that under time pressure, high stakes, and changing parameters, experts used their base of experience to identify similar situations and intuitively choose feasible solutions.
Thus, the RPD model is a blend of intuition and analysis.
The intuition is the pattern-matching process that quickly suggests feasible courses of action. The analysis is the mental simulation, a conscious and deliberate review of the courses of action. Instinct is often misinterpreted as intuition and its reliability considered to be dependent on past knowledge and occurrences in a specific area. For example, someone who has had more experiences with children will tend to have a better instinct about what they should do in certain situations with them.
This is not to say that one with a great amount of experience is always going to have an accurate intuition.
What Is Intuition?
Intuitive abilities were quantitatively tested at Yale University in the s. While studying nonverbal communication , researchers noted that some subjects were able to read nonverbal facial cues before reinforcement occurred. Their level of accuracy, however, did not differ from that of non-intuitive subjects. According to the works of Daniel Kahneman, intuition is the ability to automatically generate solutions without long logical arguments or evidence.
Intuition, as a gut feeling based on experience, has been found to be useful for business leaders for making judgement about people, culture and strategy. Such examples liken intuition to " gut feelings " and when viable illustrate preconscious activity. Intuition Peak in Antarctica is so named "in appreciation of the role of scientific intuition for the advancement of human knowledge. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Intuition disambiguation. Philosophy portal Psychology portal. Retrieved 22 December The synthesis of yoga. Pondicherry: Sri Aurobindo ashram trust. On common nouns and falling leaves. It was our duty to inform you. You all would not have guessed some of these. Some imitative words are more surprising than others. How to use a word that literally drives some people nuts.
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Test your visual vocabulary with our question challenge! Definition of intuition. Examples of intuition in a Sentence Intuition was telling her that something was very wrong. It must have been intuition. First Known Use of intuition circa , in the meaning defined at sense 1.
Intuition: How to Discover the Still, Small Voice Within
Learn More about intuition. Resources for intuition Time Traveler! Explore the year a word first appeared. Dictionary Entries near intuition intue intuent intuit intuition intuitionalism intuitionalist intuitionism. Time Traveler for intuition The first known use of intuition was circa See more words from the same year.
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